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2015 1A2 Group 10 - Diabetes

Page history last edited by class1a2group10 7 years, 8 months ago

Team members


Names / Roles:

  • []  Adam    (Leader)

  • []  Arsyad (Editor)
  • []  Irfan    (Researcher)
  • []  Firhan    (Researcher)



Meaning / Definition

In this section, include a brief description of the disorder or disease. You may include picture(s) or video(s) to illustrate your points


Diabetes causes high blood sugar levels.

There are two stages of diabetes

For example: Patients with the stage 1 diabetes must take  insulin injections for the rest of their life and also ensure proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a diet.People who often develop stage 1 diabetes are people in their early adulthood or teenage years.

Stage 2

Patients can get this symptom by the body not producing enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin.

When the cells in the body does not react to the insulin in due to (insulin resistance).

Patients with this stage 2 diabetes will have a harder time to control this symptom as it is more progressive disease.

Overweight people will have a higher risk of getting this stage 2 diabetes.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is classed as a metabolism disorder. Metabolism refers to the way our bodies use digested food for energy and growth. Most of what we eat is broken down into glucose. Glucose is a form of sugar in the blood - it is the principal source of fuel for our bodies.

When our food is digested, the glucose makes its way into our bloodstream. Our cells use the glucose for energy and growth. However, glucose cannot enter our cells without insulin being present - insulin makes it possible for our cells to take in the glucose.

Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas. After eating, the pancreas automatically releases an adequate quantity of insulin to move the glucose present in our blood into the cells, as soon as glucose enters the cells blood-glucose levels drop.

A person with diabetes has a condition in which the quantity of glucose in the blood is too elevated (hyperglycemia). This is because the body either does not produce enough insulin, produces no insulin, or has cells that do not respond properly to the insulin the pancreas produces. This results in too much glucose building up in the blood. This excess blood glucose eventually passes out of the body in urine. So, even though the blood has plenty of glucose, the cells are not getting it for their essential energy and growth requirements.(copy)

Causes and Effects

In this section, while using a little medical jargon as possible,

1) include a description of the condition(s)  or situation(s) causing the disorder or disease;

2) include a description of the effect(s), outcome(s) or impact(s) on the patients' lives as a result of having the disorder or disease. 

You may include picture(s) or video(s) to illustrate your points.

The effects and causes of diabetes are high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and a lack of blood glucose control.


After you eat or drink, your body breaks down the sugars in your blood and turns it into glucose. The glucose travels through your bloodstream and provides your body with energy. To accomplish this, your pancreas needs to produce a hormone called insulin. In a person with diabetes (diabetes mellitus), the pancreas either produces too little insulin or none at all, or the insulin can’t be used effectively. This allows blood glucose levels to rise while the rest of your cells are deprived of much needed energy. This can lead to a lot of problems affecting nearly every part of your body.

These are some of the effects that diabetes does on the body.

Pancreas Malfunction


Extreme Thirst

Excessive Urination

Sweet-Smelling Breath

Loss of Consciousness

Protein in the Urine

Lack of Concentration

Stomach Problems

Damaged Blood Vessel

Foot Problems

High Blood Pressure

Heart Disease


Dry, Cracked Skin

Diabetes is leading to the cause of blindness and kidney failure among adults. 

 The main problem in Type 2 diabetes is the presence of what is called insulin resistance. In this sort of diabetes, the pancreas starts off robust in its production of insulin. However, cells that need energy don’t respond normally to the usual amounts of insulin. The pancreas has to produce much higher levels of the hormone in order to manage blood glucose levels. Over time, the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas can burn themselves out due to this overproduction. At this point a person with Type 2 diabetes begins to require insulin medication. However, in earlier phases of this more common type of diabetes, the illness can be effectively managed with diet, exercise, and careful monitoring of blood sugars. Some people with Type 2 diabetes may require a variety of oral medications and eventually, as described above, some will eventually need insulin.(copy)



Signs and Symptoms

In this section, while using a little medical jargon as possible, include a description of the signs and symptoms exhibited by people having the disorder or disease. You may include picture(s) or video(s) to illustrate your points. 


Early symptoms of diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, can be subtle harmless if you have symptoms at all. Over time, however, you may develop diabetes complications, even if you haven't had diabetes symptoms.For more informationhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A4o2FH6VZps

For people who have diabetes will have a less enjoyable time in their life as they will have to go for regular blood tests.

If the patients show signs of diabetes he/she should be prepared for diabetes and should see a doctor as soon as possible.

Some symptoms of diabetes are hard to spot for example sweet breath smell, now some of you may disagree with me but think carefully as The patient needs someone to tell them.For the sweet smell the patients needs a person to tell for the rest is individual. 


Prevention and Treatment

In this section, while using a little medical jargon as possible,

1) include a description of the steps to prevent getting the disorder or disease (if it cannot be prevented, do explain why);

2) include a description of the treatment of the disorder or disease (if it cannot be treated, do explain why) or the steps to lessen its signs or symptoms. 

You may include picture(s) or video(s) to illustrate your points. 

People can avoid/prevent diabetes by having a balance diet and exercising a few times per month.

If people do take good care of their body and having a balance diet their chance of getting diabetes are very low.

Sadlylives they could control their diabetes. 

With all the research on diabetes and advances in diabetes treatments, it's tempting to think someone has surely found a diabetes cure by now. But the reality is that there is no cure for diabetes -- neither type1 diabetes nor type 2 diabetes.

Try to follow a balance diet.


Link to Other Illnesses or Diseases

In this section, while using a little medical jargon as possible, include a description of the illness(es) or disease(s) that may occur as a result of having this disorder or disease. 

You may include picture(s) or video(s) to illustrate your points.

Diabetes does not link with other diseases.

Diabetes is when the patient's body does not have enough insulin therefore diabetes will start to come.




Plagiarism is a strongly discouraged.


In this section, include the links of all websites you obtained information from to complete your health science wiki page.




Comments (2)

Mr Reuben Ng said

at 7:41 pm on Jun 9, 2015

Please start on your project soon!

Mr Reuben Ng said

at 9:50 pm on Jul 8, 2015

Pictures are too small. Make sure the words are the same size and shape. Try not to colour your font unneccessarily.

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