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2015 1A1 Group 7 - Osteoporosis

Page history last edited by class1a1group7 5 years, 9 months ago

Team members


Names / Roles:

  • []      Alya
  • []     Jing Chun
  • []     Cheryl
  • []     Shi hui



Meaning / Definition


Osteoporosis is a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a broken bone. It is the most common reason for a broken bone among people who are old. 

Bones that commonly break include the back bones, the bones of the forearm, and the hip. Until a broken bone occurs there are typically no symptoms. Bones may weaken to such a degree that a break may occur with minor stress or spontaneously. Chronic pain and a decreased ability to carry out normal activities may occur following a broken bone.





Causes and Effects

Osteoporosis occurs when there is an imbalance between new bone formation and old bone resorption. The body may fail to form enough new bone, or too much old bone may be reabsorbed, or both. Two essential minerals for normal bone formation are calcium and phosphate.


Osteoporosis is the major underlying cause of fractures in postmenopausal women and the elderly. Fractures occur most often in bones of the hip, spine, and wrist, but any bone can be affected. Some fractures can be permanently disabling, especially when they occur in the hip.


Signs and Symptoms


Osteoporosis itself has no symptoms; its main consequence is the increased risk of bone fractures. Osteoporotic fractures occur in situations where healthy people would not normally break a bone; they are therefore regarded as fragility fractures. Typical fragility fractures occur in the vertebral columnrib, hip and wrist.




Prevention and Treatment


Prevention of osteoporosis includes a proper diet during childhood and efforts to avoid medications that cause the condition. Efforts to prevent broken bones in those with osteoporosis include a good diet, exercise, and fall prevention. Lifestyle changes such as stopping smoking and not drinking alcohol may help. Medication of the bisphosphonate type are useful in those with previous broken bones due to osteoporosis. In those with osteoporosis but no previous broken bones they are less effective. A number of other medications may also be useful.


Link to Other Illnesses or Diseases

In this section, while using a little medical jargon as possible, include a description of the illness(es) or disease(s) that may occur as a result of having this disorder or disease. 

You may include picture(s) or video(s) to illustrate your points.

-Heart Disease: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardiovascular_disease

-Anaemia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anemia

-Diabetes: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diabetes_mellitus

-Celiac Disease: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coeliac_disease




Comments (1)

Mr Reuben Ng said

at 7:28 pm on Jun 9, 2015

Please start on your project soon!

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