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2015 1E3 Group 3 - Liver Diseases

Page history last edited by class1e3group3 5 years, 11 months ago

Team members


     Names / Roles:

  • [Isa Ong]             (Leader/typer)
  • [Isabel Lim]         (Editor)
  • [Gladys Lum]       (Researcher)
  • [Ng Hui Xin]        (Researcher)
  • [Merylene Lim]    (Photo Insertor)



Meaning / Definition


  1. The liver is a large organ in the upper right abdomen that aids in digestion and removes waste products from the blood. 
  2.   Liver Disease (hepatic disease) is a type of damage or disorder to the liver
  3. The liver is the largest internal organ and is responsible for some 500 bodily function. It processes almost every time we ingest, breathe, or absorb through the skin. It plays an important role in digestion and metabolism regulation, production, storage, and release of sugar, fats, and cholesterol

Causes and Effects





        More serious effects

  • Jaundice
  • Bleeding easily
  • Swollen abdomen
  • Mental disorientation or confusion (known as hepatic encephalopathy)
  • Sleepiness
  • Coma 



  • Appetite loss
  • Dark urine colour
  • Feel like vomiting or vomiting
  • Have bruises easily
  • Skin and eyes colour appear to be yellowish 
  • Pale stool colour or bloody or tar-coloured stool
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Swelling in legs and ankles
  • Abdominal pain and swelling


Prevention and Treatment


-Avoid excess alcohol body piercings or tattoos obtained in non-hygience, if not illegal, conditions poses and treat.

-Get a hepatitis vaccine or an immunoglobulin shot to prevent hepatitis A or B.

-Don't share any personal toiletry items

-Practice proper hygiene

-Eat a proper diet from all of the food groups


Depending upon what form of liver disease you may have and what stage you’re in, your doctor may recommend treatment with drugs, special diets, lifestyle changes or, in cases of severe advanced liver disease, a liver transplant. In our Liver Disease section, we provide information on a variety of individual forms of liver disease, including some treatment options. The following provides some additional information on available treatments.

Link to Other Illnesses or Diseases



Parasites and viruses can infect the liver, causing inflammation and that reduces liver function. The viruses that cause liver damage can be spread through blood or semen, contaminated food or water, or close contact with a person who is infected. The most common types of liver infection are hepatitis viruses, including:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C


Immune system abnormality

Diseases in which your immune system attacks certain parts of your body (autoimmune) can affect your liver. Examples of autoimmune liver diseases include:

  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis



An abnormal gene inherited from one or both of your parents can cause various substances to build up in your liver, resulting in liver damage. Genetic liver diseases include:

  • Hemochromatosis
  • Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis
  • Wilson's disease


Cancer and other growths

  • Liver cancer
  • Bile duct cancer
  • Liver adenoma



Common causes of liver disease include:

  • Chronic alcohol abuse
  • Fat accumulating in the liver (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease)







Comments (2)

Mr Reuben Ng said

at 7:18 pm on Jun 9, 2015

Please start on your project soon!

Mr Reuben Ng said

at 12:55 pm on Jun 25, 2015

Please get rid of the large spaces between your words and pictures. Please try to keep to the same font.

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