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1E2_2013 Group 6 - South African Fynbos

Page history last edited by 2013class1e2group6 7 years, 1 month ago

Team members

 

           Names / Roles:

  • XinHui      (Leader) 
  • ZhiYu       (Researcher)
  • Aayisha    (Researcher)
  • Yuxuan     (Researcher) 
  • Silviana    (Wiki Writer)

 

 

South African Fynbos 

  • The South African Fynbos occurs in a small belt of the Western Cape of South Africa and are located where Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome are. It is a natural shrubland or heathland vegetation. There are over 7700 plant species found and it consists mostly of native fynbos vegetation.

 

                                                                 Taken from http://www.wineanorak.com/southafrica/visiting_elim.htm

 

                                                                             Taken from http://www.roomsforafrica.com/event.do?id=32

 


Physical Factors

 

Light: A lot of sunlight 

Temperature: Hot and Humid

                   above 38 degrees celsius

Water: NA

Salinity: NA 

Air: Rich in oxygen

      there are a lot of plants around there 

PH of the environment: NA 

Mineral Salts: a lot of mineral salts as there are plants around 

 

 

 


Classification of Living Organisms

Classify at least eight of the living organisms found in the allocated ecosystem into the categories below:

 

1. King Protea (Producer)

Taken from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Protea_cynaroides_1.jpg

 

Description 

The King Protea has large dark green and glossy leaves and it is a woody shrub with thick stems.

 It grows in harsh environments with dry, hot summers and wet, cold winters.

It is normally found in the southwestern and southern parts of South Africa of the fynbos region.

 

 

 

2. Orange-breasted Sunbird (Primary Consumer)

  

Taken from http://ibc.lynxeds.com/photo/orange-breasted-sunbird-anthobaphes-violacea/male-atop-bush

 

Description 

Orange-breasted Sunbirds are normally found in the southwestern of South Africa in the fynbos habitat.

They can also be found in parks and gardens. They feed on flower nectar, insects and spiders and King Protea.

 

 

 

3.  Southern Double-collared Sunbird (Primary Consumer) 

 

Taken from http://www.stephenburch.com/tt/sdcsunbirdtt.htm

 

Description 

Southern Double-collared Sunbirds are normally found gardens, fynbos, forests and coastal scrub.

It feeds mainly on nectar from flowers, but takes some fruit. It feeds on insects and spiders when young.

It has short wings and is usually seen singly or in small groups.

 

 

 

4. Cape Sugarbird (Primary Consumer) 

 

Taken from http://www.coventrybirder.co.uk/main%20pages/S.A%20birds-Oct%2020th%20&%2021st.htm

 

Description

Cape Sugarbirds feed mainly on nectar, however, it will also feed on spiders and insects.

It uses its long, sharp beak to reach the nectar of the King Protea with its long brush-tipped tongue.

It is usually found in South Africa and the Cape Floral Region where there are flowering King Proteas and Ericas.

It can also found in gardens in summer.

 

 

 

5. Malachite Sunbird (Primary Consumer)

Taken from http://rockjumperbirding.blogspot.sg/2012/03/hugh-chittenden-honoured-for-his.html

 

Description

Malachite Sunbirds are normally found in hilly fynbos, cool montane, coastal scrub, parks and gardens.

They feed mainly on nectar and when young, they feed on insects.

Sometimes, they may hunt in a similar way to flycatcher, hawking for insect prey from a perch.

 

6. Secondary Consumers

 

7. Human (Tertiary Consumer)


Taken from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Inuit_Amautiq_1995-06-15.jpg  

 

Description

Humans can build fires, cook food, create technology and use it to create new things for everyone to use.

Humans need air, food and water to live. Humans consume meat (except for vegetarians), vegetables and other food that can be cooked and eaten.

 

 

 

8. Hoverfly (Decomposer)

Taken from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hoverfly_flying_midair.jpg 

 

Description

Hoverflies can be found  in natural habitats, parks, gardens or even on balconies.

They have yellow or orange patterns on their abdomen. They feed on pollen and nectar.

 

 

 

 


Food Web 

 

 

Taken from http://www.cd3wd.com/cd3wd_40/lstock/001/LSGen/ENVLSTPR/EN1/ENVLSTPR.HTM

 

 


Interrelationship in Ecosystem

 

Mutualism

 

King Protea

 

Orange Breasted Bird

 

Explanation

v The orange breasted bird would drink the nectar from the king protea

v The king protea’s anther would release pollen grains on the orange breasted bird’s body

v It would carry it to other plants: pollination

v This how both species benefit from each other

 

Parasitism

Ant                (Host)

 

Myrmecophilous Butterfly       (Parasites)

 

 

Picture of parasiting

 

 

 

Predator-Prey Relationship

 

Endemic Frogs  (Predator)

 

Small Fish

 

Picture of frog eating fish

 

 

Explanation

        ·  The frog is the predator

        ·   Fish is the prey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Links 

Links of websites we obtained information from:

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comments (4)

Mr Reuben Ng said

at 5:20 pm on Apr 1, 2013

Very good pictures! I expect to see a food web soon!

2013class1e2group6 said

at 8:52 pm on Apr 6, 2013

food web done :p Xinhui here!

2013class1e2group6 said

at 8:52 pm on Apr 6, 2013

food web done :p Xinhui here!

2013class1e2group6 said

at 8:56 pm on Apr 9, 2013

We are done check this out Mr Ng!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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